History of HTML
In 1989 the internet was created by Berners-Lee. The language used to create this was called HTML and, although updated version since been made. Berners-Lee only created this in order to better communication and organisation with other physicians who live around the world, enabling them to download one another’s work onto their own computers.
With the growth of technology Berners-Lee’s invention also grew in popularity. Programmers began to improve on his invention, which led to the advancement of Hypertext in the 1980’s by Bill Atkinson. He was a programmer for the company Apple, where he made an application named Hypercard. This enabled the user to navigate easier with more focus on the graphical aspects, although this was only available on the Macintosh (Max).
Domains were created in the mid 80’s, allowing computers to be named, but today this is used for website domains using the format ‘WWW.(website name).com’ with various other possible endings now available, such as ‘.co.uk, .org and net’.
Multiple browsers were created, such as the Lync browser which was invented by Lou Montulli. Much more has since been produced, including Google Chrome, Internet Explorer and Bing.
Businesses became aware of its benefits and the popularity of home computers for general users the internet became a focus point for developers. Rapid developments were made with regular new releases and inventions. With the growing popularity, improvements had to be made to the HTML code in order to support and handle new advancements and uses.
In 1994 HTML 2 was released. This was a neater, more efficient structure of the previous language. Developments continued with additional tags which improved the functionality. However, another update was needed, leading to the release of HTML 3 in 1995.In this update, images could be implemented. HTML 3.2 and 4 were further updates with additional improvements and functions. The latest update, HTML 5 supports many types of image formats, videos, animations and browser plugins, such as the flash player. Many uses and possibilities can be achieved with this invention, which has become an important part of society.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is external to HTML but can be implemented to manage the graphical side. This is a language that is used to determine the appearance of web pages, such as the font, colours and layout of the site. This is beneficial as it provides freedom to design a website with the focus on the aesthetic qualities, here as HTML focuses on the functionality.
CSS was first released in 1996 and the thirds version of CSS is currently under development. It is an open source language, similar to HTML, allowing users to use the language to create their own designs of their web pages. The appearance of a site can impact the user experiment significantly, making this a useful language to learn along with HTML.